In Sri Lanka has eight UNESCO world heritage sites. It’s including, Dambulla cave temple, Sigiriya rock, Anuradhapura ancient city, Polonnaruwa ancient city in Sri Lanka. Although Kandy, Galle Fort, Singharaja rainforest, Central Highlands (inclusive -Adam speak / knuckles mountain range and Horton plains). So, Dambulla situated about 148km away from Colombo city. Then, a central province in the Matale district (north of the Kandy city) located Dambulla large city. In fact, Dambulla major attractions inclusive Dambulla temple, Dambulla economic center, Rangiri Dambulla international cricket stadium, Ibbankatuwa prehistorical cemetery etc..
DAMBULLA CAVE TEMPLE
Then, Dambulla temple (golden temple) is the biggest -preserved temple complex in Sri Lanka. So, the rock towers 160 m over the surrounding plains. This temple paintings and most of the statues related to Buddha and his life.
First cave ( Deva raja cave)
The most important, the first cave called Devaraja Lena (cave) mean is the temple of the king gods. reasons god of Sakka (king of god) gave the finishing image of this area. In the first place, this large statue (Image) is the parinibbana position in Sri Lanka. (the last moment of budda) , built at the base of a 150m high rock during the Anuradhapura period. (1st century BC to 993 AD). Buddha in the typical style is about forty-seven feet in length.
Second cave ( Maharaja cave)
In the second place is Maharaja cave. In Dambulla temple complex this one is the most beautiful and large. Dambulla meaning is Damba (rock) – Ulla (drop water). in the second cave has a special place, can see that. sri Lankan peoples they expected those are holy water.
who enters by the door at the northern corner of this cave first comes across a figure of the standing Buddha under a neatly executed Makata Torana, both sculptured out of natural rock. This is the principal images of the shrine room. This image is in Abhaya Mudra. The right shoulder and arm are bare. The lips are thick. There is a stiffness of the limbs and a wooden rigidity of the body. The image is standing on a stone lotus pedestal circular in shape.
The principal paintings of this part are:
1. Prince Siddhartha, the Buddha-to-be, going out of his palace to exhibit his skills in arms. 2. Prince Siddhartha, exhibiting his skill in archery. 3.Prince Siddhartha, leaving home, in quest of Truth. 4. Monsters in the army of Mara, the evil one, attacking the Buddha. 5.Mara, the evil one, being thrown from his elephant after being vanquished by the Buddha.
Third Cave (Maha Alut Viharaya)
In third place is Maha Alut Viharaya. This Cave, called Maha Alut Viharaya (The Great New Temple), is separated from a second cave by a wall of masonry. These frescoes depict various and numerous events of Buddhists, some representing the life of the Enlightened One, and score the history of Buddhism. The artistic tradition of this cave is that of the Kandyan period.
Forth Cave (Paschima Viharaya)
In Forth Place is Paschima Viharaya. So, this place contains ten figures of the Buddha. The principal image which is under a torana is of the same size as the other statues. This is a very beautiful figure of the Buddha seated in the dhyana mudra (posture of meditation) hewn of the natural rock that forms itself.